Zambia is a land-locked country that has been described as either the northern end of southern Africa or the southern end of East Africa. Either way, it is surrounded by Angola to the west, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania and Malawi to the east, and Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to the south. It is rich in natural resources and tourist attractions which are still under development.

Start with these Quicklinks to zero in on a particular city or destination. Learn more from the introductory article and others describing Zambian geography, culture, products and cuisine. Explore recommendations for sights, activities, food, lodging, entertainment, festivals and events. Be sure to review the practical matters section before you go. No time to do all this online? Download a Zambia travel guide or have Amazon deliver one to you door.

Zambia Quick Links


Chingola  Chipata  Kabwe  Kasama  Kitwe  Livingstone

Lusaka  Mansa  Mongu  Ndola  Solwezi


Kafue NP  Lake Kariba  Shiwa Ng’andu  Victoria Falls

Discover Zambia

Zambia may be the best kept secret of African adventure travel. Promoted for years as the Real Africa, it is a large country with over 20 national parks preserving diverse wildlife, haunting landscapes and exciting natural wonders. Still off the beaten track, Zambia boasts small crowds, wide open spaces, and the opportunity to truly get way from it all. The most popular tourist attraction is Victoria Falls, Zambia’s lone UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the world’s largest and most impressive waterfalls.

Twenty two Zambian national parks offer a veritable feast of exciting outdoor experiences. Kafue National Park boasts excellent game viewing and small safari camps in a vast wilderness the size of Wales. North Luangwa and South Luangwa National Parks are famously remote Safari destinations loved by wilderness travelers yearning for unspoiled wilds.

The Dag Hammarskjoeld Memorial, marking the place where the beloved General Secretary of the United Nations met his untimely end, is a must see for history buffs. Likewise the unique Gore-Browne estate Shiwa Ng’andu, which provides a rare glimpse into the lost world of British colonial culture.

Early History of Zambia

Zambia has been inhabited for millions of years. Evidence of early stone age habitation in Zambia extends back to about 2 million years ago, based on excavations in the Luangwa Valley and near Victoria Falls. Middle stone age remains include the famous skeleton of Broken Hill Man, dated to about 300,000 BCE, discovered near Kabwe in 1921. Late stone age art and implements have been dated to 25,000 BCE show resemblance to the San/Bushmen culture that survived in the Kalahari desert right up until the middle of the 20th century.

The Iron age brought new tools and agriculture to Zambia after 1000 BCE. Over time trade developed between Zambian tribes ad foreign nations, but distance from the coasts kept foreign contacts to a minimum throughout most of Zambian history.

Iron Age Kingdoms in Zambia

Four kingdoms developed between 1500-1900 on Zambian territory: the Kasembe-Lunda, Bemba, Chewa and Lozi kingdoms. These were relatively isolated civilizations. All of these peoples still inhabit parts of Zambia today.

Europeans began visiting Zambian territory during the 18th century. Portuguese and Arab traders entered from Mozambique, and the former eventually established a route connecting their colonies of Mozambique and Angola across Zambian territory.

The British Colonial Period in Zambia

In 1851, David Livingstone became the first recorded Briton to visit Zambian territory. He explored the Upper Zambezi river and became the first European to view Mosi-oa-Tunya, which he named Victoria Falls in honor of the Queen. He later died at Ilala Village in what is today Northern Province on 1 May 1873.

The British Colonial Period began in earnest in 1888 when Cecil Rhodes negotiated mining rights from local chiefs and established Northern and Southern Rhodesia as areas within the British sphere of influence in Africa.

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Zambia in the 21st Century

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