Bhutan is located in the Southeast part of the Himalayas. The population of the country is slowly growing in number and is currently more than 800 000 people. Its territory is rather small, 47 000 square kilometers. The capital and biggest city is Thimphu.
The beauty of the terrain enchants many with its variety of steep mountains, expansive valleys and subtropical plains.
Its climate varies as well. The lowest point Drangme Chhu is 97 m and the highest Kula Kangri – 7,553 m. The South enjoys the tropics yet the more North one travels the colder it gets, and especially severe up on the mountain peaks.
The Torsa, Raidak, Sankosh, and Manas are Bhutan’s main rivers that water most of the produce. Major crops cultivated in Bhutan are maize and rice.
The national animal is the Takin – a very rare mammal with thick neck and short muscular legs. It is believed that a Tibetan saint created it back in the 15th century. On the other hand, the stunning blue poppy is the country’s national flower – it’s also rare and can be seen only above 3000-4000 meters above the sea level.
Bigger portion of the population lives in the central highlands.
One of the many cool things about the country of Bhutan is that it is carbon negative – it absorbs more CO2 than it produces. Under a constitutional law the people are to maintain at least 60 percent forest. If needed to cut down trees in order to build, then trees must be planted elsewhere.
For more than a hundred years, there has been a ban on the ‘most filthy and noxious herb’ tabacco. People are not allowed to produce or sale it. Bhutan is a 100% smoke-free country. There’s no smokers in public places, offices or even bars and cafes.
To address environmental issues, the government also banned plastic bags. Bhutanese and tourists now use cotton bags to do groceries and shop in general. As a result, Bhutan has become a leading country in environmental conservation.